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Geraniums in 4 in. Pots From Seedlings/Plugs
Greenhouse Costs of Production Budget

Table C: Geranium Seedling Production Costs

Item Conventional Plug
  Small Medium Large Small Medium Large
            Non-auto Auto
Fertilizer $0.01  $0.01  $0.01  $0.01  $0.01  $0.01  $0.01 
Seeds1  85 73.67 46.55 23.2 19.72 18.1 18.1
Tray 0.46 0.34 0.25 0.4 0.32 0.31 0.31
Medium 0.58 0.42 0.32 0.13 0.1 0.1 0.1
Labor 0.55 0.61 0.46 0.48 0.6 0.37 0.37
Interest on Variable Costs 0.78 0.68 0.43 0.22 0.19 0.17 0.17
Overhead Costs2  0.95 0.69 0.68 1.59 1.15 1.13 1.13
Total Costs per Flat $88.33  $76.41  $48.70  $26.03  $22.08  $20.19  $20.19 
Total Costs per Seedling $0.11  $0.10  $0.06  $0.12  $0.10  $0.09  $0.09 

1 1,000 seeds planted per conventional flat and 273 per plug flat. Germination rate is assumed to be 80%.
2 Overhead costs are calculated at $0.194 per sq.ft. week x 1.64 sq.ft. per flat x 3 wks. for conventional flats and 5 weeks for plug flats. See Table A2 for more detail.

Table C1: Labor Inputs for Seedling Geranium Production

  Time (Seconds per Flat)
Item Conventional Plug
  Small Medium Large Small Medium Large
            Non-auto  Auto
Seedling Stage              
Fill Flat 35 37 22 24 49 47 47
Seed and Move to Germination Area 144 162 85 103 140 81 81
Move to Greenhouse 16 40 33 36 29 14 14
Irrigate 14 14 6 14 7 5 5
Move to Work Area 40 30 67 46 51 25 25
Total 249 283 213 223 276 172 172
               
Finished Flat Stage              
Fill Flat 45 120 35 36 44 66 4
Transplant and Move to Greenhouse 280 240 256 100 252 183 144
Irrigate 99 78 62 84 66 53 53
Spray Growth Regulator 14 10 2 14 10 2 2
Spray Pesticide 14 2 2 14 2 2 2
Total 452 450 357 248 374 306 205
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